Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age (20-30%).
The syndrome usually has the image of swollen ovaries with many small fluid collections, which are called ‘’cysts’’ and can be seen in an ultrasound exam. These small cysts are actually follicles that contain eggs, but due to hormonal disorders, these follicles do not develop fully and show stagnation in their progression.
The exact etiology of the syndrome remains unknown until now. However, it is related to various genetic and environmental factors. Timely diagnosis and treatment, along with weight loss guidelines -where needed- can greatly reduce the increased risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease.